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Single-cell transcriptome landscape of circulating CD4+ T cell populations in autoimmune diseases

CD4+ T cells are key mediators of various autoimmune diseases; however, their role in disease progression remains unclear due to cellular heterogeneity. Here, we evaluated CD4+ T cell subpopulations using decomposition-based transcriptome characterization and canonical clustering strategies. This approach identified 12 independent gene programs governing whole CD4+ T cell heterogeneity, which can explain the ambiguity of canonical clustering. In addition, we performed a meta-analysis using public single-cell datasets of over 1.8 million peripheral CD4+ T cells from 953 individuals by projecting cells onto the reference and cataloging cell frequency and qualitative alterations of the populations in 20 diseases. The analyses revealed that the 12 transcriptional programs were useful in characterizing each autoimmune disease and predicting its clinical status. Moreover, genetic variants associated with autoimmune diseases showed disease-specific enrichment within the 12 gene programs. The results collectively provide a landscape of single-cell transcriptomes of CD4+ T cell subpopulations involved in autoimmune disease.

Полная версия статьи: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666979X23003178
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